Part - 2 : What are the side effects of ingesting alcohol ?
This blog is a continuation of the Part 1 series of “What happens when you ingest alcohol”. Readers are requested to kindly go through the blog link below for more information.
In this blog we look at the side effects of ingesting alcohol.
- Depression : On consuming excessive alcohol, the body experiences a great depression, not the psychiatric type but a depression of alertness and arousal and eventually people will pass out.
- Black out: Many people think that blacking out is passing out but blackout drunk is when people drink and they are talking and doing things sometimes sadly or tragically they will drive or walk home or even go to swimming in the ocean. These people do these sort of things because they have the energy to do them and they feel good while doing them but they are doing it while activity of the neurons in the hippocampus which is involved in the memory formation are completely shut off and this is why the next day they have no recollection of what happened.
- Cancer risk: Alcohol ingestion has a direct relationship with breast cancer. So women should be aware of this fact. There is 3-14% increase in the risk of breast cancer for every 10gms of alcohol ingested.
- Increase in conversion of testosterone to estrogen : This is one of the primary reasons why in women there is high risk of estrogen cancer.
- Immune System – this what fights off germs, viruses and other illness in your body. Alcohol slows the immune system, making bacteria-fighting white blood cells sluggish and much less efficient. Heavy drinkers may be more likely to succumb to illnesses such as tuberculosis or pneumonia, and increased risk of numerous forms of cancer.
- Skeletal System – Alcohol abuse inhibits new bone production, putting one at risk of osteoporosis and bone fractures. It also makes muscles more likely to weaken, cramp or atrophy.
- Reproductive system - One common side effect of alcohol abuse in men is erectile dysfunction. Hormone production also may be inhibited causing infertility. In women, alcohol may cause a ceasing of menstruation and infertility. It also heightens the risk of breast cancer.
- Circulatory System – Just one occasion of heavy drinking may cause trouble for your heart, therefore a heavy drinker is much more likely to have heart problems than a non-drinker. The risk is even higher for females. Heart problems may include poisoning of the heart muscle cells, an irregular heartbeat, high blood pressure, stroke or heart attack.
- Digestive system – This is where serious damage can quickly occur. Alcohol makes it difficult for our intestines to control bacteria and absorb nutrients that can lead to malnutrition. Alcohol is also known to cause:
- Salivary gland damage
- Gum disease and tooth decay
- Esophageal ulcers
- Acid reflux and heartburn
- Stomach ulcers and gastritis
- Internal bleeding
- Central Nervous System – Alcohol changes behavior. It inhibits speaking, which causes slurred speech and coordination. It affects impulse control and the ability to make memories, leading to “blackouts.” Alcohol can cause numbness, weakness and temporary paralysis. Long-term use can shrink the frontal lobes of the brain. Heavy drinking can lead to dependency that may have severe withdrawal effects.
- Excretory System – This system is responsible for removing waste products, such as alcohol, from the body. Excessive alcohol consumption can cause the pancreas to lose normal insulin production and create toxic substances that can lead to its destruction. An abundance of alcohol can harm the liver, whose job it is to break down harmful substances in the body. This can lead to hepatitis, jaundice and cirrhosis, which is the buildup of scar tissue that eventually destroys the organ. Alcohol may cause kidney, bladder and prostate inflammation
To conclude with, ingestion of alcohol does not provide any benefits to the human body. It is better to completely avoid them to have a better life.
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