5 ways to naturally prevent acne
Acne is a common skin condition that affects almost everyone at some point in their lives. While there are many treatments available to help with acne, natural preventative measures can be taken to reduce the risk of developing breakouts on the skin. The most common causes of acne are:-
- Hormonal changes (during, after or during pregnancy)
- Certain medicines (including some antibiotics, steroids and hormonal birth control)
- Excessive oil production in the skin cells.
Acne can be treated in a number of ways.
Treating the symptoms, keeping the skin clean, and treating the root causes are important techniques in managing acne. Since acne is caused by both bacteria and oil build up, using a wash that effectively removes excess oil may help reduce inflammation and infection.
The most commonly used medications to treat acne are retinoids, which are derived from vitamin A. These drugs target cells rapidly multiplying inside hair follicles (papules) and sebaceous glands (oily pores).
Other medications prescribed for acne include topical antibiotics such as clindamycin or azelaic acid and topical corticosteroids like hydrocortisone. Antibiotics such as minocycline and doxycycline are also used to treat acne.
Benzoyl peroxide 5% is sometimes added to antibiotics for extra effectiveness. A dermatologist may prescribe isotretinoin to assist with severe, cystic acne. When taken by mouth or applied to the skin, it decreases the size of oil glands and shrinks acne lesions, reducing the amount of sebum produced. Isotretinoin is known to cause depression, bone marrow suppression, and vision problems among many other side effects. Due to its high potential for serious side effects that can lead to death, doctors advise those who are considering taking isotretinoin to first consult with their doctor about other treatment options.
An American Academy of Dermatology survey also reported that 1 in 4 Americans with acne incorrectly believe that popping a pimple will make it worse or cause scarring, when it actually has the opposite effect. Popping a pimple does not worsen acne and can actually help reduce inflammation and swelling. When the contents of a popped pimple are cleansed from the skin, the healing process begins more quickly than usual, resulting in less scarring.
Here are five ways to naturally prevent acne and keep your skin clear and healthy.
Wash your face twice a day with warm water:
This is a very common way to reduce the amount of oil on the face and help avoid acne.
Avoid touching your face:
Avoid touching your face, as it can cause irritation and lead to breakouts. Your hands have many germs, so make sure you wash them after any time they are near your skin. Use a clean towel or tissue each time you touch your face, too.
Drink lots of water:
Drinking enough water can reduce inflammation in the body, which reduces the chance of developing acne on the skin's surface. Drink a glass of water every hour to keep your skin hydrated.
Dairy products can irritate the digestive tract and produce excess oil in the skin and may contribute to acne breakouts.
- Exfoliate regularly, and use gentle cleansers
- Avoid skin care products that contain oils or alcohol
- Choose mild soap and avoid scrubs
- Minimize sun exposure: Excessive sun exposure can cause many skin problems, including premature wrinkles.
- Wear protective clothing and loose, breathable clothing
- Apply a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher
- Wear a hat and sunglasses
- Apply insect repellent to exposed skin
Skin Care Routine
The following skincare routine is designed to reduce the risk of acne.
- Cleanse skin morning and night with a non-comedogenic, gentle cleanser that contains no harsh chemicals. A mild liquid soap or facial wash will work well.
- Avoid using bar soap, shower gel, or face washes that contain exfoliating particles such as beads, acidity strips, and rough edges. These scrub ingredients can damage the surface of the skin and potentially cause more breakouts.
- Apply sunscreen with SPF 30 every day before makeup application and between exposure to sunlight throughout the day to avoid the signs of aging.
- Apply a gentle, non-comedogenic moisturizer with SPF 15 or higher to protect the skin from further damage and reduce the visible appearance of fine lines, wrinkles, and age spots. Avoid moisturizers that contain allergens, irritating fragrance oils, or color additives. Avoid exfoliating scrubs or face washes to prevent inflammation of the skin which could lead to an increase in acne breakouts. Avoid touching your face with your hands while you are sweating as this can cause bacteria on your hands to transfer onto areas such as your forehead and nose that are more prone to breakouts.
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